Citroën BX - a large car, produced by the French company Citroen in 1982-1994. In total, 2,315,739 BX was built for its 12-year history. The production of the hatchback was discontinued in 1993 with the arrival of Xantia, but the station wagon continued to be produced for another year.
Citroën BX was introduced in June 1982, the sale began in the autumn of this year, with a presentation in Paris, held on October 2, 1982 under the Eiffel Tower. BX was developed as a replacement for a small family car Citroën GS / A, launched in 1970. The French advertising campaign used the slogan "J'aime, j'aime, j'aime" (I love, I love, I love) showing the car, accompanied by music written especially by Julien Clerc. The British advertising campaign used the slogan "Loves Driving, Hates Garages", which reflected Citroën's efforts to help reduce the costs of BX maintenance.
The hatchback was designed by Marcello Gandini of Bertone, based on its unused design for the 1977 British concept car Reliant FW11 and its 1979 concept car Volvo Tundra. It was the second car, after the merger of Peugeot and Citroën in 1976, the first of which, Citroën Visa, appeared in 1978. BX shared the platform with the 405, which appeared in 1987. Among the features that distinguish the car from competitors, was the traditional hydropneumatic self-leveling suspension Citroën, the extensive use of plastic body panels (hood, tailgate, bumpers), as well as front and rear disc brakes.
On the BX were installed in-line four-cylinder engines with liquid cooling from the GS car, and the new PSA (XY, TU and XU series) petrol engines replacing it with a volume of 1360 cc, 1580 cc, and since 1984 and 1905 cc .cm. The 1124-cc engine, very unusual in a car of this size, was also available in countries where the transport tax is directly related to engine power, such as Italy, Portugal and Greece. The 1.1 and 1.4 liter engines were used in the BX until 1988, previously installed in the Peugeot 104 and Renault 14. The 1.6-liter (and, since 1984, 1.9-liter) versions used the new XU-series engines , later installed on many Peugeot cars, and produced at the new engine plant built for this purpose. The diesel engine XUD appeared in 1984, together with the turbodiesel, they were to become the most successful options, and were particularly popular and sold cars on diesel fuel in the UK.
All gasoline engines were designated 11, 14, 16, 19, which indicated the volume of the engine (in some countries, the less powerful, 80-strong (59 kW) version of the 1.6-liter engine was designated as BX15E instead of BX16). The 11TE model was noted by the foreign automotive press as being slow and uncomfortable.
The 1,1-liter engine under the code H1A was specially tuned for Italy, Greece and Portugal. It was installed on cars produced from 1988 to 1993 and had a power of 55 hp. (40 kW) at 5800 rpm.
A year later the hatchback model was launched, the station wagon version became available. In the late 1980s, the all-wheel drive system and turbo-diesel engines appeared.
In 1986, the MK2 BX appeared. Interior and dashboard changed to a more conventional form. The early GT (and Sport) models already had a speedometer and a tachometer. The appearance was also slightly updated, with new more rounded bumpers, wheel arches for wider tires, new mirrors and turn signals. The old Douvrin engine was replaced by a newer TU-series engine.
In 1988, the launch of BX Turbo Diesel, which was highly appreciated in the automotive press. The diesel BX stood firm in the market, but diesel cars were slow and noisy. Diesel Car magazine talked about BX "we can not think of any other car currently being sold in the UK that is close to the BX Turbo.
In 1989, minor changes and improvements were made among the BX models, including new wheel covers and interior fabrics.
The car has many awards, the BX was known as a tow (like the CX), especially diesel models, because of their power coupled with a self-leveling suspension.
A big problem with the BX was its variable build quality, compared to its competitors. The last BX, gathered in 1994, in parallel with their successors. It was partially replaced by a smaller ZX in early 1991, but its full-fledged replacement was the big Xantia, which went on sale in March 1993.