USA cars

US auto industry dates back to the 1890s. She quickly became the largest in the world as a result of the size of the domestic market and the use of mass production. In the 1980s, Japan has temporarily overtaken the US in terms of vehicle production. It was only in 2008, China surpassed the US on this indicator. The US is currently in second place among the largest producers in the world by volume of 8-10 million cars annually.

Despite the fact that the first car was not made in the US , that this country can be proud to be called the "cradle of the automobile".

The history of the industry in the United States takes its countdown to 1890, when brothers Dyuria (some sources Dyurey (Duryea)) founded his own company to produce cars with a combustion engine. For 6 years they have released and sold 13 of these cars.

City of Detroit is considered the cradle of the global automotive industry. Chrysler Group LLC, Ford Motor Company and General Motors: the largest manufacturers of the 20th century cars - This is where the plants "Detroit Big Three" have been opened

In 1899, Henry Ford discovered near Detroit, the world's first automobile factory. In 1903, he founded Ford Motor Company. The first product the company has become a model Ford A. But Henry Ford's goal was to "put behind the wheel of the whole of America." And in 1908 he published the legendary car - Ford Model T. It was the first car in the world, which has sold over 15 million copies. Almost immediately, this model became available the middle class. Initially, the car belonged to a luxury goods and were not available to ordinary Americans. But it was Henry Ford first introduced instead of costly manual assembly line production, which allowed a lot to reduce the cost of cars, and in 1913 the value of the "Tin Lizzie" (the so-called the Ford Model T by the people) fell from $ 850 up to 350, making it a cult car more more affordable.

Largest car manufacturer 20-early 21 th century was founded in 1908 - General Motors, created by William Durant, who bought several small car companies and combined them into one. In General Motors includes brands such as Chevrolet, Cadillac, Buick, GMC, Vauxhall, Opel. Previously, the company owned Oldsmobile, Hummer, Pontiac, Saturn. GM was the largest automaker for 77 years (c 2008, this Toyota and Volkswagen).

In 1925, in Detroit Walter Paisley Chrysler was founded is another large company to produce cars - Chrysler Group LLC, completing thus the formation of "Detroit Big Three". Chrysler Group LLC and produces cars like Chrysler, Dodge, Jeep, Ram Tracks, SRT, Morar. Previously, the company produced: Imperial (from 1955 to 1975 and from 1981 to 1983), Plymouth (from 1928 to 2001), DeSoto (from 1928 to 1961), Eagle (1988 and 1998).

After the First World War, the United States became the world leader in the automotive industry. Every American dream of your own car, and they were available to him. However, the Great Depression brought a sad contribution to the automotive industry. Many small companies went bankrupt, and those who survived, took into account the error and began to pay more attention to the appearance of the car interior and convenience.

During the Second World War, when the European industry has been virtually destroyed, the US, on the contrary, has flourished. Quality and convenience of cars have been highly appreciated by European countries, and the machines were used for military purposes.

After the war for the US automotive industry began a "golden era". Money received during the war, went on to improve production. There are the first sports cars - Chevrolet Corvette. Cadillac and Lincoln began to produce luxury cars for high society. There are so-called «muscle-cars» - legendary powerful American cars, which were covered in part with chrome and consumed a huge amount of gasoline. It models such as the Dodge Charger and Challenger, Lincoln Continental, Chevrolet Camaro and Impala, Pontiac Firebird, Cadillac Eldorado, Ford Mustang and Thunderbird.

However, during the oil crisis of 1973, when the United States suffered from the oil embargo, the demand for these cars fell sharply, giving way to more economical cars of Japanese and European origin. This crisis has significantly influenced the automotive companies, many again were on the verge of bankruptcy. But the "Detroit Big Three" again survived the crisis by going on the production of small models.

The main blow "Detroit Big Three" has received during the last global financial crisis of 2008-2009. Chrysler and General Motors have been declared bankrupt.

Ford, which is in much worse shape than General Motors and the Chrysler, in 2006 for the first time hired a director general from the mid-2000s - Alan Mulally (AlanMullaly). In December 2006, Ford was able to get a loan of 23.5 billion dollars bail of almost all the company's assets. Because of this she was able to withstand the financial crisis and avoid bankruptcy, unlike its competitors in Detroit.

July 23, 2009 US President Barack Obama signed a decree establishing a White House Council for Automotive Communities, which is to monitor the recovery of the former might of the American automobile industry, especially focusing on the "Big Detroit Troika", and to provide financial assistance for the development of the main industry in Detroit.

Now the auto industry is gradually recovering, GM again goes to a leading position in the global automotive industry. Major US manufacturers and is now happy customers comfortable inexpensive cars around the world.

List of major US automakers

    Chrysler (1925 until now)
        Chalmers Automobile (1908-1923)
        DeSoto (1928-1961)
        Dodge (1914-present)
        Eagle (1988-1998)
        Imperial (1955-1975, 1981-1983)
        Jeep (1941 until now)
        Maxwell Motor Company (1905-1925)
        Plymouth (1928-2001)
        Ram Trucks (2009 until now)
        Valiant (1960-1966)
    Ford (1903 until now)
        Continental (1956-1958)
        Edsel (1958-1960)
        Lincoln (1920 until now)
        Mercury (1939-2010)
    General Motors
        Buick (1903 until now)
            Marquette automobile (1930)
        Cadillac (1902 until now)
            LaSalle (1927-1940)
        Cartercar (1906-1916)
        Chevrolet (1911 until now)
            Geo (1988-1998)
        Elmore (1893-1912)
        Ewing (1908-1911)
        GMC Truck (1911 until now)
        Hummer (1992-2010)
        Oakland automobile (1907-1931)
            Pontiac (1926-2010)
        Oldsmobile (1897-2004)
            Viking automobile (1929-1931)
        Rainier Motor Car Company (1905-1911)
        Saturn Corporation (1985-2010)
        Scripps Booth (1913-1923)
        Sheridan (1920-1921)
        Welch Motor Car Company (1903-1911)
        Welch-Detroit (1910-1911)

Small US automakers

    AC Propulsion  (1997 until now)
    Anteros  (2005 until now)
    Aurica (2010-present time)
    Avanti  (1965-1991; 2000-present time)
    Berrien Buggy [4] (1968 until now)
    Callaway  (1984 until now)
    Carbon  (2003 until now)
    Commuter  (2004 until now)
    DeLorean (1995 until now)
    Devon  (2008 until now)
    Dragon  (2002 until now)
    E-Z-Go  (1954-present)
    Formula1 Street
    Fisker  (2005-present)
    Mosler (originally named Consulier) (1993 until now)
    Next Autoworks (the original name of V-Vehicle)
    Panoz  (1989 until now)
    Polaris (1954 until now)
    RDC (2007 until now)
    Shelby American (1992 until now)
    SSC (2004-present)
    Tanom Motors
    Tesla (2007 until now)
    Zimmer (1980-1988; 1998-present time)